The annual PV capacity of our country has accounted for more than 33% of the world market in 2011 and the Italian has become the world's largest market of the year ahead of Germany that still retains the record for cumulative capacity with 24,700 MW of installed capacity, the ' Italy is second with 12,700 MW, which in May exceeded 13,160 MW.
These data were presented yesterday by Gerardo Montanino, operating division of the Energy Services Operator (ESO) during the fourth edition of "ITALIAN PV SUMMIT, roadmap to grid parity", being held in Verona, with over 450 registered participants.
The Italian market for renewable energy has risen from 18.3 GW of capacity in 2000 (for the 91% represented by hydroelectric) to 41.3 GW in 2011, an increase of 125%. 75% of the increase (23 GW) there has been only in the last 4 years. At the head of all the photovoltaic end of 2011 accounted for 31% of installed renewable power, while the hydro goes to 43%. If in 2000 the production of electricity from renewable sources was 51 terawatt-hours (TWh) in 2011 and has reached 84 TWh 33 TWh of electricity production due almost entirely by wind, solar photovoltaic and bioenergy (now 38% of the total).
In 2011, Italy has installed 9,300 MW of photovoltaic power, which also include facilities for 3,500 MW included in the decree 'save Alcoa' (built by the end of 2010 and grid connected by June 30, 2011) and that have benefited from high incentives 2nd energy bill.
With over 340 thousand plants in our country the production of electricity from PV is estimated today at about 11 TWh / year and is still growing. Only five years ago it was infinitesimal (0,039 TWh).
A quantity of production according to the Energy Authority and several analysts brought new effects on the electrical system before the explosion of photovoltaics last year at the Power Exchange there were two price spikes, one day, to 11 in the morning and one in the evening, at about 18-20. Now the peak of 11 in the morning has virtually disappeared, while the evening is increased. The explanation is that PV, along with other renewable sources, producing a zero marginal cost (no need to give a more fuel kWh more), the day is competing with conventional power plants and is able to contain the price of energy. That's the effect shavin g peak in 2011 has saved 400
Returning to the explosion of the photovoltaic installation in our country, the chief operating officer of the GSE wanted to emphasize that today about 95% of Italian municipalities in its territory has at least a PV system, a share that was only 31% in 2007. At the regional level the highest installed capacity in Puglia (17.1% of the total), Lombardy (10.3%), Emilia Romagna, Veneto, Piedmont. In terms of number of plants lies with the regional leadership Lombardy (14.7%), followed by Veneto (13.6%) and Emilia Romagna. Montanino explained that the total installed power in Italy, 49% is on the ground, 41% of roofs, with 6% of shelters and greenhouses, and then there's another 4% residual. In terms of technology used, 70% of the modules polycrystalline silicon, monocrystalline silicon, 23% and 7% is represented by thin films. Approximately 65% of the PV system is connected to the industrial sector, a proportion that drops to 13% for both agriculture and for the service sector, the residential is down to 9%. It should be noted that about 89% of the installed capacity was responsible parties who are business (only 8, 5 is represented by natural persons).
One of the benefits brought by the previous 'energy account' is the replacement of asbestos roof with photovoltaics. They are so far the 1,340 megawatt photovoltaic material produced with the established ad hoc bonus (about 16,350 plants), covering an area of 12.7 million square meters. The three regions are lead Lombardy, Emilia Romagna and Piedmont. The cost of the bonus is estimated at 45.8 million euro.
The GSE in reference to the attainment of the share of € 6 billion per year for incentives to photovoltaics, which should be the starting time of the fifth energy bill being debated in the State-Regions Conference, estimates a date that could fall between August and December. According to the draft of the fifth energy bill, the new law would take effect the following month.
The detailed program of the ITALIAN PV SUMMIT is online at www.italianpvsummit.com
Leading companies such as LG, Solsonica Fimer, Aros, Yingli Solar, Conergy, Siemens and Unicredit have sponsored the ITALIAN PV SUMMIT, while EPIA, SEIA, and Apvia Eurobat associations are supporters.
Translated via software
Italian version of CercaGeometra.it