What are the Italian legislation concerning the protection of waters? Bathing, drinking water purification

Italy is characterized by a broad regulatory framework regarding the safeguarding and protection of the natural environment with regard to: the purification of water, reuse of treated wastewater, water purification, monitoring of bathing water, the reclamation of contaminated sites. I will try to expose the vast subject of a legislative in a schematic and simple, with the contents of fundamental principle and the techniques and technologies most important operational, with the aim of giving a complete picture of the topic that everyone can then deepen in relation to their level of interest!



The primary reference standard is the D. Decree No. 152 of 3 April 2006 entitled "Environmental Regulations", as subsequently amended and supplemented by Legislative Decree No. 4 of 16 January 2008. The quoted text is a reference with considerable conceptual and operational importance to industry insiders, even, for instance, the procurement code, perhaps best known in the field of public works.

The Legislative Decree 152/2006 is divided into 6 parts, disciplining in each of them:

Part I: The definition of the scope of the discipline and purpose;

Part II: Procedures for Environmental Impact Assessment-EIA-, the Strategic Environmental Assessment - SEA - and IPPC, Integrated Pollution and Control Prevition;

Part III: soil protection and the fight against desertification, protection of waters against pollution and management of water resources;

Part IV: waste management and remediation of contaminated sites;

Part V: air protection and the reduction of emissions into the atmosphere;

Part VI: The compensatory protection against environmental damage.



On the subject of water purification in addition to D. Decree 152/2006, another fundamental rule is ilD.M. No. 185 of 12 June 2003 entitled "Rules and techniques for wastewater reuse in the art. 26, paragraph 2 of Legislative May 11, 1999 Decree No. 152 ".

The Legislative Decree 152/2006 deals with the question in Section II of Part III on the "Protection of waters against pollution." The section opens with an indication dellefinalità the protection of waters against pollution:

- Prevent and reduce pollution and implement the remediation of polluted water bodies;

- Achieve the improvement of water status and adequate protection of those devoted to particular uses;

- Pursuing sustainable and enduring use of water resources, with priority given to those drinking;

- Maintain the natural ability of self-purification of water bodies, as well as the ability to support plant and animal communities large and well diversified;

- Mitigate the effects of floods and droughts;

- Prevent further deterioration and protect and enhance the status of ecosistemiacquatici, terrestrial ecosystems and wetlands directly depending on the aquatic ecosystems in terms of water requirements;

and lists the tools that allow the achievement of the purposes set out above:

- The identification of environmental quality goals and specific use of water bodies;

- Compliance with the limit values ​​for discharges are set by the state, as well as the definition of the limit values ​​in relation to the objectives of the quality of the receiving body;

- The protection of integrated qualitative and quantitative aspects within each river basin district and an adequate system of checks and sanctions;

- Identification of measures for the prevention and control of pollution in vulnerable areas and in sensitive areas.



The Ministerial Decree of 185/2003 establishes the technical standards for the reuse of domestic wastewater, urban and industrial. Also regulates the uses of treated waste water and its minimum quality requirements. Importantly, however, does not apply to the reuse of treated waste water at the same site or industry consortium that produced them. Finally, it defines the procedures for implementing the networks for the distribution of water recovered, and the criteria for control and monitoring systems for recovery of water and of the recovery and reuse of treated waste water.


THE DRINKING WATER: Legislative Decree 152/2006, Legislative Decree 31/2001, Ministerial Decree 174/2004

The issue of drinking water is treated as well as in the aforementioned Legislative Decree 152/2006, also in the following laws: the Legislative Decree no. No. 31 of 2nd February 2001 (supplemented and amended by Legislative Decree no. 27 2 / 2/2002) and the DM No. 174 of 6 April 2004.

The D. Decree 31/2001 obliges respect to the tap of the minimum requirements set out in Parts A and B of Annex I and compliance with the requirements of Part C of Annex VI.

The Ministerial Decree of 174/2001 indicates the type of materials that may come in contact with drinking water in the operations of handling, storage, transport and distribution.

The Legislative Decree no. 152 of 3/4/2006 establishes the minimum quality requirements for surface water destined for the production of drinking water and for them indicates the phases of the treatment of drinking water.



The monitoring of bathing water is regulated at European level in Directive 2006/7/EC concerning the management of bathing water quality (repealing Directive 76/160/EEC), with effect from 2014, and in the national applies the DPR n ° 470 of 'June 8, 1982 implementing Directive EEC n.76/160 on the quality of bathing water and subsequent updates (Law 271/1988, Decree Law 29/1992, Law 422/2000, Decree Law 51/2003 , Law 121/2003, Legislative Decree 94/2007) / 2003). Italy according to the report of bathing waters in 2009 has about 90% of coastal bathing, representative percentage of 34% of the European total and limit values ​​in accordance with the guidance of the law.




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